Turkish folk dances; It is one of the important components of Turkish folklore. It is a science that examines the regional dance and local dances and costumes played in villages and towns.
Turkish folklore is the basis of the folk. This is why folklore is used as folk dances. But this is a false definition. Folklore means folklore. It is a term that encompasses all folk culture (food, legend, folk song, dancing, etc.). Folk dances are only a part of local plays, dance and clothing.
Turkish folk dances are one of the most remarkable folkloric phenomena in the world in terms of diversity and scope. So far, Turkish folk dances have not been completed yet. However, studies are continuing. Each village has its own dance and economic conditions make it difficult.
Turkey is like a laboratory for public dance. Turkey, with over 4000 dance determined in the villages are defined as countries with the richest dance characters in the world. Because that is the cradle of culture and civilization in Turkey, almost every region in separate dance, have been found to separate clothes and music separately.
Folk dances; In contrast to other branches of art, it is a cultural identity that carries the original characters of the society to which it belongs, exhibiting the collective emotion thoughts and behaviors of individuals, which is capable of illuminating the world of only the beautiful, but interested ones.
Folk dance is an important factor in the physical and spiritual development of the individual with its sense of brotherhood, melody, rhythm and movement structure. The advantage of the person cohesion of playing together, together, move, share and Folk Dance teaches self-expression starting from these features, the activities to be implemented individual development of people in Turkey are contributing to the well provided, as well as social development.
Folk dances and folk dances should not be confused with each other. Because folk dances are merely dances that reflect our culture zeybek, horon, hora, welcome etc.
Folk dances include all the dance of Turkish culture I sell oil, sell honey, medium dance, meddah.
Turkish folk dance overview
Folk dances are often played at meetings such as peasants, insignia, conscription, descent and descent, birth, religious and national holidays, and the victory, ferfene, barana, queue, and chat.
Dance are usually played in closed places as played in open spaces suitable for playing dance.
Especially in weddings, people who are known to play well in the region are invited. Because at the beginning of the community the local music and
dance are well-known and respected people. Folk Dances owed their wealth of figures to these people. They make their own improvised figures to show their mastery of dexterity. Thus, people who play or do not play, especially young people have been shown and transferred.
Folk dances played in Anatolia are classified according to their types :
- Halay Dance
- Yallı Dance
- Zeybek Dance
- Bar Dance
- Horon Dance
- Single Dance
- Shooting Dance
Types of Turkish folk dance
Hora Region; Although mostly played in Thrace, it is observed in Black Sea and South Marmara.
Zeybek Region; It consists of three subgroups. As a rule; 9 timed and limp dance.
The main Zeybek region; Aegean, South Marmara, Central Anatolia.
Teke Zeybek Region; Lakes Region, Western Mediterranean.
Zeybek Region with spoon; South Marmara, Western Black Sea, Central Anatolia and its surroundings. There are also ritualized regular
dance played in these regions (Zonguldak, as in Karabuk).
Spoon dance Region; Eastern Mediterranean region from the Konya District and the eastern districts of Antalya.
Horon Region; East Blacksea.
Halay Region; It consists of three subdivisions.
Steppe Halay: Middle Black Sea and Inner Anatolia
East Halay: Eastern and Southeastern Regions
Çukurova Halay: Çukurova region.
Bar District; Northeast Anatolia and Inner Artvin.
Caucasus Region; Northeast Anatolia.